Past Perfect Simple
To get Past Perfect Simple we conjugate Have in the past simple or preterit and we put the verb in to past participle :
- Affirmative form
Rule : S + Had + Past Participle + C
Eg : - I had seen a lion
- He had called the police
- Interrogative form
Rule : Had + S + Past Participle + C + ?
Eg : - Had you driven a car ?
- Had she spoken English ?
- Negative form
Rule : S + had + not + Past Participle + C
S + hadn't + past Participle + C
Eg : - I had not travelled to Ouagadougou.
- My brother hadn't bidden to go out.
- Interronegative form
Rule : Had + S + not + Past participle + C + ?
Hadn't + S + Past Participle + C + ?
Eg : - Had pupils not taken an exam ?
- hadn't she watered trees ?